... ... All about 5G Technology. Benefits and Danger - Telecom Sphere
5G technology

All about 5G Technology.

HOW 5G WILL BENEFIT YOUR LIFE

There is a lot of talk going on about 5G. There’s also a lot of confusion. 5G will be one of the most transformative technologies of my life and as the new technology is about making sure all will benefits from 5G all around the world. 5G is going to unlock things that most of us can’t even imagine yet. It’s going to fuel the next generation of innovators in economic growth.

Just look at 4G and all the things you couldn’t do 10 years ago without it, like streaming movies on your phone. 4G also brought to life companies, apps, and new industries, many we couldn’t even have imagined, like Uber, Snap, and PayPal’s Venmo. The entire gig economy was born. Mobile ordering and apps brought new levels of convenience and simplicity to our lives and tech companies, like Google, Facebook, and Amazon, increased their global reach with mobile-first approaches, thanks to 4G.

 If 4G could do all that, 5G will unleash a massive new round of innovation way beyond what we’ve seen in wireless to date, spurring incredible economic growth, $275 billion in new investment, creating three million new jobs, and adding $500 billion to the economy by 2024. In fact, it’s estimated that one out of every 100 will benefit from a new 5G job. Everyone keeps saying that 5G will be big and I’m not always sure that people really know what that means and just how amazing and life-changing some of this innovation will be.

So here are just a few examples of how we think 5G from the new technology will spur innovation that will change our lives. Imagine taking a road trip and seeing information about what’s around you and what’s up ahead displayed on your windshield, sensors in smart highways sending real-time data to your car, warning of things like accidents, ice, routing traffic intelligently so that you get where you want to go safer and faster. Also, imagine your family seeing information on the passenger windows about what you’re driving past as you go by, major landmark, historical monument now you know.

Imagine, parking lots that know how many spaces are open to park your car well before the time you reach there and book your parking. Moreover, in a more serious situation, imagine firefighters in a smoke-filled home with little to no visibility. With 5G reality displays on their helmets, they can see the floor plan and the layout of the home, including where the exits are. They can see pictures and descriptions of the people they are working to rescue, whether they’ve been found, and when it’s time to get out.

 How about in education?

Imagine children in underserved areas learning in virtual classrooms or studying side-by-side with remote mentors and tutors. Imagine remotely participating in immersive hands-on learning.

What about learning another language? Or learning English by hearing everything translated in real-time right into your ear?

How about some fun stuff?

Imagine taking a ski lesson and your instructor gives you a specific path to take down the slope. This new technology can and will help the world’s most innovative companies deliver on this vision. They will be able to do it quickly, much faster than the pace that many companies are working at now.

Look, I’m talking about real 5G, not 5G with an asterisk, not something with an E slapped on the logo, not something that works in a matter of a few square feet with a signal that you lose if you shift to the left or the right, not made up versions or pockets of the country that have nothing to do with rural Areas. The new technology will deliver a network that reaches people all over the country. It’s about unleashing new economic growth.

China and other countries are already investing billions in 5G. Recent reports show that China will invest more than $400 billion in 5G. These guys are not kidding around. They want to be first. They want innovation and economic stimulus.

KEY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN 5G and 4G

We learned more about 5G significance and its potential impact. Tell me, 5G, a lot of new technology as compared to 4G, what makes them so different? So the system usually evolves in generations and we start from the first generation to the second, and the third, and the fourth generation of wireless networks, the fifth-generation wireless network. They will differ in the fourth generation in a bunch of different ways. The very first one being high data rates.

So 4G phones give us a speed of 50 megabits per second. And the goal of 5 g networks is to increase the data rate by up to 10 to 100 times. So you imagine downloading a movie on a 4 g phone, two-hour movie, it will take you about 30 minutes or so to download a two-hour movie. In contrast, if you use a peak speed of a 5G, you can download it in a few seconds. So that’s number one. Which is high data rates? In other way, such as low latency, 5 g is supposed to have very low latency in the transmission of data as well as high reliability. So very few dropped calls and so on and so forth in 5G.

In addition to these three aspects, another interesting thing in 5G is that of massive connectivity. So if you think about scenarios, let’s say in New Delhi, if you look at one kilometer of area, 4G can support, let’s say 50,000 devices. But on the other hand, 5G should be able to support ten times more. Businesses, municipalities, how are they adapting to all of this? They also want it for the same reason of course. So I will give you a few examples.

So for instance, one application, in the case of 5G is smart TVs in smart homes and what people are envisioning is if you take a city, for instance, we have traffic lights, we have different types of fences on bridges and infrastructure, and the goal is that with this massive connectivity, enabled by 5G, all of these devices and sensors will be interconnected to each other, and they might be able to make own decisions and for instance if a sensor is on a bridge, and there is something, automatically someone will be alerted, the person, the agency will be alerted, who is responsible for the infrastructure, alerted in realtime that this particular object needs to be replaced or needs attention.

Another case is the automobile industry. If you think about autonomous vehicles need to speak to each other and make driving safer by adapting to their neighborhood environment on the road and so on. And this also requires very low latency communication and hi data rates so 4G cannot enable autonomous driving but 5G is key in autonomous vehicles.

As a consumer, will I need to buy a new phone or new equipment? I believe so and the reason for that, is the way 5G networks operate. It is completely different from the way 4G networks operate. The way our phones operate, they transmit signals over the air, at certain frequencies and it turns out that our current forms are not doing, not designed to work at the new frequencies that the 5G is envisioned to work on. So to that end, we will need a device and actually buy new hardware as you said.

To visit Jio official website, click here.

What are the challenges of 5G?

 These frequencies provide a low bandwidth. A lot of spectrum, which means essentially we can get higher data rates, however, these frequencies are very challenging to work on because as you go higher in the frequency spectrum, the signal decays very fast in distance. So 4G signals can propagate up to a few kilometers. 5 G signals will propagate up to maybe 500 meters. Which means we need to put in more cell towers. So that’s one of the technical challenges, is to deploy more base stations. So people give this call, just a small cell, and a large number of cells need to be deployed.

Dare I ask, what is next?

So that’s a great question. You know, as I told you, the networks usually evolve in generations and these generations typically last for a decade. So as you know, the 4G sort of was started to allow in the beginning of this decade and we are nearing the end of this decade, so as we enter 2020, 5G will begin to roll out and my guess is at the end of next decade, we will be thinking about new applications, which will be enabled by perhaps the next generation of wireless networks, 6G and beyond.

Check the Jio 5G launch date here.

DANGER OF 5G

Now, I know you probably read a few things about the new technology and you want to dive deeper into the details. Let’s just begin with the fact that humanity usually prefers to build something that brings in more money and only after we discover that it ruins our health in so many different ways. Some really, really good examples are genetically modified foods, radiation from magnet trains, cell phones, pollution, bee disappearances and many, many more.

You’re probably familiar with some of them, including the hole in the ozone layers. I’m going to tell you the truth and the things that I’ve learned and discovered and I have to say that it really isn’t so pretty. There are serious concerns about the implications of new technology to human health, to wildlife and to the environment itself.

In September of 2017, almost two years ago, the European Union had a 5G appeal that was signed by more than 180 scientists and doctors from 35 different nations. They demanded freezing the increase of mobile antennas for the planned 5G expansion and many other things included. Their main concerns were actually the impact that these might have the antennas from the higher radiation exposure on neurological impacts, infertility, and cancer for human beings.

Then in 2018, an international appeal to stop 5G in space and on Earth had over 26,000 signatures from scientists, doctors, building biologists, engineers, citizens and many, many more.

5G is actually the next technology of mobile and wireless communication. It will provide speeds up to 100 times more than what we actually have today in the three and four-generation It will allow more information for things like driverless cars, smart cities, drones and for faster video streaming like Netflix services. There are even plans in motion to provide 5G from space. Meaning, thousands of satellites to cover the earth with wireless radiation.

The problem is that in order to provide these speeds, 5G will include the higher millimeter-wave frequencies never used before for the internet and communication technology. These higher frequencies don’t travel far and are blocked by buildings and different structures. So high band systems will have to use a dense network of fixed outdoor antennas almost every 300 meters or about 1000 feet as well as indoor systems.

Environmental effects have also been ignored. 5G Technology is going to massively increase the microwave and millimeter-wave radiation in our environment and this will probably have a detrimental effect on wildlife and on trees and on mother nature itself. Take the bees, for example, there is a very serious bee disappearance phenomenon and it’s been going on for years. You can read about it everywhere. And scientists are theorizing that it’s probably because of the different radiations and exposure to different frequencies. Frequencies like electromagnetic frequencies or radiation frequencies and cause the bees to actually lose their way back home. Now without the protection of the hive, they wander off and they probably die somewhere and that’s why we have disappearance and we have crop issues as well.

Some risks from the long exposure to 5G technology also include damage in the eyes, damage to sperm and fertility, severe swelling, skin damage, immune system disruption, metabolic disruption, neurological disruption, increased risk of cancers, the potential collapse of insect populations and damage to the plants and trees.

Now there is, of course, a great conflict of interest between the global community and the large companies that are predicting the new 5G technology is going to bring $7 billion industry annually, and it’s called the Internet of Things IoT.

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